Robots will replace 75 million jobs. What about the dashboard man?
A new report from the World Economic Forum says humans are now responsible for 71 percent of the world's jobs, and machines will be able to do more by 2025. With the rapid development of machines and algorithms in the workplace, 133 million new jobs can be created, replacing the 75 million jobs that will be lost by 2022.
In recent years, with the increase in labor price, the population dividend of manufacturing enterprises in China has gradually disappeared, the traditional industries have been upgraded with modern and automated equipment, and the "technology dividend" has been replaced by "population dividend", which has become an inevitable choice for manufacturing enterprises to optimize and upgrade.
In order to speed up industrial development and improve the efficiency and quality of enterprises, more and more provinces have adopted innovation-driven development strategies, actively encouraged enterprises to implement the "machine replacement" plan, and promoted enterprise technological reform and innovation. In places like Jiangsu and Guangdong, where manufacturing is more advanced, for example, government agencies are subsidising "machine replacements" for automated equipment, including robots, to promote intelligent upgrading of traditional manufacturing.
In the instrumentation industry, some instrumentation manufacturing companies have also joined the "machine replacement" army to vigorously promote automation in order to improve the manufacturing level and competitiveness of the company. For example, in 2016, the Weisheng Group's human-car collaborative system was put into use. Using the latest seven-axis robots to work together with manpower, the production efficiency was increased by 45 %, the manpower cost was reduced by 50 %, and the product passing rate was increased by 40 %.
In addition, there are still some manufacturing companies that understand the "machine replacement" is no longer simply to solve the problem of labor shortage, but hope to use the "machine replacement" and the extension of automation, digitization and intelligence technology. Further improve production efficiency and product quality to further improve market competitiveness.
From labor-intensive transformation to intelligent manufacturing, manufacturing "machine replacement" has become an irreversible trend. It is foreseeable that in the near future, factory production will be like this: all processes will be operated by computer-controlled robots, CNC computer processing equipment, unmanned transport vehicles, and automated warehouse equipment, and technicians will be sitting at the computer. The production information of the workshop is monitored in real time through the central control system.
However, as the "machine replacement" of manufacturing companies accelerates, the "no-man's factory" accelerates its expansion, which means that many workers 'jobs will be replaced by robots. This raises concerns: will future factories need workers? Will there be many workers out of work?
About 50 per cent of companies expect automation to reduce their full-time workforce by 2022, nearly 40 per cent expect to expand their workforce and more than a quarter expect automation to create new jobs within the company, according to a report from the World Economic Forum.
While "machine replacement" brings benefits to enterprises and positive effects of industrial transformation and upgrading, it also brings new challenges to the labor market in the field of technical skills. China has been the world's largest application market for industrial robots for five consecutive years, according to the 2017 China Robot Industry Development Report released by the China Electronics Society. However, many manufacturing companies are in trouble when they hire robots.
When the manufacturing process no longer requires the participation of workers, it also requires manual debugging and installation of production lines, manual automation of robots, and manual maintenance of robot equipment. In the entire production operation process, workers do not appear on the manufacturing side, but on the monitoring side, ensuring the operation of the entire production process behind.
Therefore, the phenomenon of "reducing people" and "increasing people" in the process of "machine replacement" reduces the number of generalists who can be duplicated, and increases the number of new technology workers who are adapted to professional skills for programming and maintenance of robots. Wait. Nowadays, many manufacturing companies are calling for lack of people. In fact, the most missing are technicians. Robotechs, robot engineers, and other senior technical workers are even more "difficult to find".
"Machine replacement" has brought new jobs. The corresponding frontline workers must think about how to continue to learn, adapt to social development needs through transformation and upgrading, and change from a traditional blue-collar worker to a "grey collar" worker who directs robots. If you do not, you may really face "no job to fight."
In the face of the coming "machine replacement" tide, Fengmou, a frontline worker working in a factory in the South, was determined to transform himself and be the owner of the robot in order not to be eliminated in this manufacturing revolution. After undergoing robot training, Fengmou successfully transferred to the post. The basic salary was increased from more than 2,000 yuan to more than 4,000 yuan. He successfully changed from a traditional blue-collar worker to a "gray-collar" worker who commanded the robot and found a future development direction.
Therefore, for frontline workers in the instrumentation industry, "machine replacement" is an opportunity to rediscover and recognize themselves. First-line instrument practitioners should clarify their own role conversion and strengthen their own skills learning.
For example, through in-house training or professional certification training of training institutions, learning robotics, robot maintenance, robot programming and other technologies, armed with new skills, from the front desk to the background, from the transformation of workers to engineers. Only in this way can we not be eliminated in the "machine replacement" tide, and we can have more high-paying and high-quality job opportunities.